How to treat hyperactivity in children
Hyperactivity in the child
The concept refers to a state of hyperactivity in children compared to their peers of the same age, classified by psychologists as a behavioral problem in some children; as children with hyperactivity suffer from a lack of attention, and thus low academic achievement, in addition to the impulsive impulse the symptoms of infection begin at an early age of childhood.
Symptoms are three to five years:
Cannot complete the one activity and cannot spend time, even a short game in the game itself, cannot be patient, not wait for his role, for example, find it difficult to form relationships with other children and described by parents and teachers as difficult to deal.
Children from the age of 6 to 12 years:
Involvement in dangerous acts due to recklessness and inability to sit in school, having difficulty complying with laws and regulations, being aggressive with others even during play, is always confused even when they may be treated as not integrated with others and low achievers.
Causes of hyperactivity and attention deficit from the causes of hyperactivity and attention deficit:
Genetic factors: Having a family history of one or both parents increases the likelihood that children will have this problem.
Organic factors: Studies have shown that children with hyperactivity have disorders in brain planning that outweigh ordinary children, or because of the increased activity of brain damage but did not provide actual evidence.
Psychological factors: such as psychological stress on the child, and patterns of misconduct.
Environmental factors: such as lead poisoning, industrial substances, and allergic reactions to certain foods.
The most important methods of behavioral therapy in reducing the problem of excessive activity and distraction are the following:
Self-regulation includes self-observation, self-follow-up, and self-enhancement, where the child learns to adjust himself in certain circumstances, then generalizes this to similar situations; he observes himself and his actions and is rewarded when acting in a way that improves his performance. This is done without an external therapeutic intervention. Symbolic reinforcement: The use of certain physical symbols, such as stars on the board of activities to be replaced later objects desired, for example, every ten stars can ask for something he wants and offers him. This method has proven effective in the treatment of hyperactivity and attention deficit.
Relaxation: This technique is taught to calm the child himself by imagining comfortable things, or may also use muscle relaxation to calm children.
Behavioral contracting: In this method, the parents or teacher sign a contract with the child in which the parties agree on their terms, in which the child performs a certain task in exchange for something.
Feedback: It includes that the parents or teacher explain to the child the results of his behavior, such as that the child sees himself in the video and see how he acted to understand the behavior from another angle, and therefore tries to control it.
Psychotherapy: Psychological or social problems may arise in the child because of the condition he or she suffers from. Psychotherapy helps the child overcome these problems.
Treatment of nutrition: This treatment focuses on changing the pattern of food eaten by the child away from the saturated materials in industrial colors, chemical flavors, preservatives, and guide the child to useful food of vegetables and fruits, white meat and fish, in addition to the need to introduce honey in the daily diet of its direct impact In alleviating this behavioral disorder.
Drug therapy: This treatment depends on what the doctor decides, in which the child is given stimulant drugs for the central nervous system, but like any medicine there are sometimes side effects of the use of these drugs, so should be supervised directly by the doctor and follow the case
The most important tips for each father and mother have an infected child, the most beautiful Dr. Nader Al-Rahaily:
Containment and tenderness
Provide a suitable environment
Do not expose the child to sudden events, but gradually prepare him.
Do not ignore any questions posed by the child
Time division is organized
Talk to him and tell stories to enhance his hearing concentration and control his attention.
The father has a special role and a great impact on the psyche of his child, where he sees the source of safety and all the meanings of comfort.
Give the child the confidence that he can do his job and tell him.
Turn a blind eye to his negative behavior.
Fill his time with kinetic tasks that occupy him and drain his energy.
Give him a little time to free him from his seat by chapter to walk around.
Take care to enjoy the activities and make sure to use his senses and work with his hands as much as possible.
Share one of his friends to remind him of the duties entrusted to him and divide them into simple parts.
Encouraged him by his friends so that he does not feel that he is without them.